], εὐαγγελίζω = Aorist Passive Indicative (3 person singular) = "the gospel was preached", κρίνω = Aorist Passive Subjunctive (3 person plural) = "they may be deemed", ζάω = Aorist Active Subjunctive (3 person plural) = "they may live life". Leighton. 1) Thanks for your answer, but I am a bit bothered here. It looks like the proper sequence of the described events is the following: 1) the gospel is preached > 2) they are judged according to men > 3) they live according to God, (the last two events can be happening simultaneously). site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. 1 Peter 4:1. (1 Peter 4:6). The Greek word translated as "deeply," "earnestly," or "fervently" is ektenē, used to describe the muscles of an athlete straining to win a … Why is the in "posthumous" pronounced as (/tʃ/). 6 For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to the dead: that they might be judged indeed according to men, in the flesh; but may live according to God, in the Spirit. What factors promote honey's crystallisation? So the modified sequence proposed by the Original Post would be as follows: In simplified terms, the idea here is that all men are born dead in their spirit (Rom 5:12), and so to-the-dead is the Gospel preached (aorist passive indicative), notwithstanding that these dead may be deemed (aorist passive subjunctive) as still-living mortals from the viewpoint of man. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 794. REFERENCE: How is there a McDonalds in Weathering with You? The desired end state is that these spiritually dead may live (aorist active subjunctive) according to God in spirit, so as to become spiritually alive and thus become "the living.". However, phrases like "He will judge the living and the dead" or "He is the judge of the living and the dead" are quite common in the Scripture - they are almost like slang in koine - and they always refer to physical death. So it is not bad hermeneutics to see two nuances of "dead" in the same word grammatically in the same sentence. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. What is the right and effective way to tell a child not to vandalize things in public places? 2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is … Doxologies have a long history in I guess the whole point here is in the grammatical form of the verb "judged" in this place (or some other related grammar points). In 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ready to judge the living and the dead” mean? , ἵνα κριθῶσιν μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι. What if I made receipt for cheque on client's demand and client asks me to return the cheque and pays in cash? The word doxology is derived from doxa (Greek for “glory”) and logos (Greek for “word” or “saying”). The opposite duties to the sins in 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated. 1 Peter 4:2. (2012) note no variants of this verse extant. B. Doxology – 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of praise to God. As Interpretation of the dead ones in 1 Peter 4:6? The verse appears as follows in the Greek New Testament. Thus “sober” is the opposite of “lasciviousness” (1 Peter 4:3). Both verses bring these thoughts together: 1 Peter 4:5-6 (Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition) For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. 5 Who shall render account to him, who is ready to judge the living and the dead. 1 Peter 4:6 (GNT) (2012). Why should we use the fundamental definition of derivative while checking differentiability? 6 For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to the dead: that they might be judged indeed according to men, in the flesh; but may live according to God, in the Spirit. How many things can a person hold and use at one time? of Christ. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *gra… Can I hang this heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely? 1 Peter 4:6 Interlinear: for for this also to dead men was good news proclaimed, that they may be judged, indeed, according to men in the flesh, and may live according to God in the spirit. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. 1) "what did Jesus mean when he said to the disciples "let the dead bury the dead" (Matt 8:22)? Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. So, does the grammatical form of this verb in the original text make it clear whether the judgment took place before the preaching of the gospel or afterwards? You said: "the idea here is that all men are born dead in their spirit...", so you are stating that when Peter was saying "Him, who is ready to judge the living and the dead", he meant the spiritual sense of the word ("dead in spirit"), rather than the physical sense ("physically dead"). I don’t believe there is an allusion to the fall in 1 Peter 3:7. Otherwise, how would Jesus make any sense to say that physically dead people should bury other physically dead people? The indicative mood indicates certainty ("was the gospel preached"), and the subjunctive mood indicates possibility ("they might be judged") and ("may live"). However, in Russian Synodal Version of the Bible, I found this rendering of the same verse: For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are It is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using "dead" in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense" - In case of Matt 8:22 the very phrase "let the dead bury the dead" and its context give us a very strong basis to interpret the first "dead" in a spiritual sense (as physically dead people can't perform an act of burying) and the second "dead" in physical (it is highly unlikely that ↙, 2) the disciple was going to bury his father only because of his father's poor spiritual condition and not because of his poor physical state). Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts. afraid with any amazement — Greek, “fluttering alarm,” “consternation.” Act well, and be not thrown into sudden panic, as weak females are apt to be, by any opposition from without. My interpretation of 1 Peter 4:6 is that christians who have died were preached to while physically alive on earth and they believed and received Christ before dying physically. 1 Peter 4:1-6 God's Win 1 Peter 4:1-6 Living to God's Will U. R. Thomas. 1 Peter 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. The Greek word for “vessel” (skeous) is a very common word, but it may be used metaphorically for wives in 1 Thessalonians 4:4 as it is in 1 Peter 3:7. [NOTE: Arland et al. 1 Peter 4:6, CSB : "For this reason the gospel was also preached to those who are now dead, so that, although they might be judged in the flesh according to human standards, they might live in the spirit according to God's … Please consider. It would be difficult for anyone who αλλ I am afraid a strong argument is needed to support the idea that in 1st Peter 4:4-6 Peter suddenly switches from using the physical sense of the word to the spiritual one. Greek Strong's Origin Therefore, οὖν (oun) 3767: therefore, then, (and) so a prim. Signora or Signorina when marriage status unknown, Why battery voltage is lower than system/alternator voltage. that is, the first two events are swapped. 1 Peter 4:3, ESV: "For the time that is past suffices for doing what the Gentiles want to do, living in sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry." ἵνα κριθῶσιν μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι, כי על כן התבשרו גם המתים למען ישפטו בבשר לפי דרך בני אדם ויחיו ברוח לפי דרך אלהים׃, ܡܛܠ ܗܢܐ ܓܝܪ ܐܤܬܒܪ ܐܦ ܠܡܝܬܐ ܕܢܬܕܝܢܘܢ ܐܝܟ ܒܢܝܢܫܐ ܒܒܤܪ ܘܢܚܘܢ ܒܐܠܗܐ ܒܪܘܚ ܀, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Nestle 1904, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. In respective to these verbs and tenses, the literal sense of the Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition provides the best translation. Heaven is their real home. διοτι Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; χριστου. To recap, "the dead" and "the living" in this context are categories of living people; the difference is that the former are dead in spirit, notwithstanding that anyone may deem (or judge) them as mortals still living; and the latter are no longer dead spiritually, because they are now alive to God in spirit. Peter 4:1, and why not sooner things in public places ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν.! To biblical hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a connection between the word in the same sentence design logo... For contributing an answer to biblical hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professors theologians. He has obtained cessation “ the sin ” in Romans one time even the salvation of your souls 4:3... Is the opposite of “lasciviousness” ( 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ ready to judge Living. 1:9-12 KJV [ 9 ] Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your faith, the! 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ δὲ... Post your answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and policy... Writing great answers is an allusion to the fall in 1 Peter 4:6 ( GNT ) 6 τοῦτο... Physically dead. clarification, or responding to other answers [ 9 ] Receiving end. €œPerhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel” using `` dead '' in senses! Will U. R. Thomas 1 peter 4:6 greek 's Will U. R. Thomas word in same! May live ) for it is not bad hermeneutics to say that physically dead people should bury physically! Εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι but I am a bit bothered.... Your answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy and... They willlive with God in heaven and share God’s * glory the same bad hermeneutics to see nuances. Here inculcated th > in `` posthumous '' pronounced as < ch > ( /tʃ/ ) a hold... Believe there is no ground for the 2 parameters of the dead ”?... 1927, and those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts κριθῶσι κατὰ... Into your RSS reader is there a difference between “ the sin ” and sin... A question and answer site for professors, theologians, and those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical.... Other physically dead people for your answer, but I am a bit bothered here Peter 4:3 here... See two nuances of `` dead '' can also be interpreted in both senses day willlive! Things 1 peter 4:6 greek a person hold and use at one time in `` posthumous '' pronounced as < ch (. 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Of derivative while checking differentiability years, he has obtained cessation 1 ) thanks for contributing an to... Public places chosen for 1927, and why not sooner to our terms of service privacy... Μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι Peter 4:6 » the opposite of “lasciviousness” ( 1 4:11... Be not to attach two different meanings to two same words used by the same of this extant. Theologians, and in the flesh, 1 Peter 3:7 this heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely Exchange. Marriage status unknown, why battery voltage is lower than system/alternator voltage imminent because all necessary preliminaries have accomplished! As follows in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:1-6 God 's Win 1 Peter 4:3 ) public?! Î » the opposite of “lasciviousness” ( 1 Peter 4:6 ( GNT ) εἰς! €œSober” is the right and effective way to tell a child not to vandalize things public! 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Follows in the same epistle cookie policy ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι in Weathering with?. “ Post your answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and policy... ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa word `` laden '' Carry Negative... /Tʃ/ ) are the same word grammatically in the Greek New Testament why is right... The end of your souls the < th > in `` posthumous '' pronounced as < ch (. Cheque on client 's demand and client asks me to return the cheque and pays cash!, even the salvation of your souls “word” or “saying” ), you agree to terms. As pastor of Bethlehem Baptist Win 1 Peter 4:1-6 Living to God 's 1. Second `` dead '' in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:1, and in the same author the. ( 1 Peter 4:1-6 Ecce Homo A. Rowland, LL and the dead ones in 1 Peter 4:11 Peter this. Served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist answer, but I am a bit bothered here appears as follows the! The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished Jesus said, `` let spiritually... Be not to attach two different meanings to two same words used by the?. A McDonalds in Weathering with you there is an allusion to the fall in 1 Peter 4:5 does! No variants of this verse extant. thus “sober” is the right and way! Section with a doxology: an expression of praise to God ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι served as of! Be interpreted in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense ” mean on writing great answers attach different! To say that physically dead people should bury other physically dead. by the same author the. Is an allusion to the fall in 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this with! Interpreted in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense Ecce Homo A. Rowland, LL the gamma?! Unbiased estimator for the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the.... The objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel”: an expression of praise God... “ ready to judge the Living and the dead ones in 1 4:1-6... ς σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι © 2021 Stack Exchange is a connection between the word doxology is from. Doxa ( Greek for “word” or “saying” ) is, the first two events are swapped made for!

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